Our experienced design group uses sophisticated software programs to calculate the optimal and yet conservative solution of your transformer or choke requirements. The software programs that have proven themselves and been refined for 20 years eliminates much of the “human factor” in your design. Our programs also allow for highly accurate calculations based on your specified DC data out of a power supply, which make our prototypes meet your specifications the first time around with no time wasted on trial and error. With over 35 years in the toroidal power business, you can be confident entrusting Toroid Corporation with your most complex designs. If you are a novice in the magnetics field, we will walk you through the specification phase, making sure that you get a design that will work for you.
Contact us now to get started, or provide us your specifications here and one of our experienced designers will get back to you with a prototype design solution!
The figure shows typical curves for efficiency as a function
of output power in relation to nominal output power
for different core sizes.
A smaller transformer can be designed if the load is not
constant and the duty cycle is much shorter than the
transformer's thermal time constant (which has a magnitude
of hours). Note that the voltage drop increases linearly
with the instantaneous current.
Operating temperature is an important safety factor. Our transformers, built for Class A (105°C) operation, are normally calculated for a temperature rise of 60-65°C. Actual increase will depend on how and where the transformer is mounted and how well it is cooled. When higher temperature ratings are needed, we offer UL recognized (UL1411 and UL544) transformers to class B (130°C). Transformers rated for class E (120°C), class F (150°C) and class H (180°C) are also available.
Using a larger core size will reduce temperature rise. Due to the small core losses (in comparison with a laminated core), the temperature rise will drop drastically when the output power is reduced. At half the load the temperature rise will only be about 25% of the rise at full load.
The figure shows how temperature rise varies with the actual output power (S out) in relation to nominal power (S nom) for a given core size.
This chart shows voltage drop at full load for standard cores at 50/60Hz. The voltage drop is slightly higher for a 60Hz transformers. A design with an oversized core will reduce voltage drop and temperature rise.
Static shielding may be required to minimize capacitive coupling
between primary and secondary winding when the transformer
is used in an extremely noisy environment. Since the
shield adds layers, a larger core size may be necessary
to provide adequate inside diameter for the shuttle
of the winding machine.
A consequence of the superior magnetic properties of a
toroidal transformer is that the transformer "remembers"
what polarity the primary voltage had immediately before
the power was last shut off. Whenever the voltage has
the same polarity when the transformer next is turned
on, the core will saturate for part of a half-cycle,
and a high in-rush current will flow in the primary
of the transformer. This in-rush current is larger than
the in-rush current in a conventional transformer, but
it is of very short duration, so it will not affect
slow-blow fuses or magnetic overload protectors with
thermal delay characteristic. (Some delayed magnetic
overload protectors act instantly if the current exceeds
a certain value. These cannot be used with large toroidal
transformers unless a current limiting resistor is used
as described below.)
very large transformers (1,500VA and up),it is common
to use a small current-limiting primary resistor to
reduce the magnitude of the in-rush current, and a
delayed by-pass relay to short out the resistor after
30-200 milli-seconds. This method eliminates external
voltage dips caused by the in-rush current, but slow-blow
fuses or delayed magnetic overload protectors must
still be used, as is the case for all types of transformers.
Size, Weight, and No-Load Losses
This chart shows size, weight, no-load losses of our custom made
transformers from 20VA-10,000VA using our standard core sizes.
Other core configurations are available to meet your needs.
||2.4 x 1.2
||2.8 x 1.3
||2.8 x 1.8
||3.2 x 1.8
||3.7 x 1.9
||3.9 x 2.1
||4.5 x 1.9
||4.5 x 2.5
||5.5 x 2.5
||6.4 x 2.6
||7.1 x 2.9
||8.2 x 3.3
||8.2 x 4.0
||9.5 x 3.4
||10.4 x 4.7
||11.6 x 5.0
||13.8 x 6.0
rating (VA) is determined by secondary RMS data. Physical
size may vary from above data depending on number of primary
and secondary windings.
Termination of Dual Primaries and Secondaries in Series and Parallel